This article was written by Anna Jorgensen.
In many ways, Gallifrey is very different from Earth, as is often the case with alien planets. From regeneration to time travel, there are many aspects of the Time Lord lifestyle that we can not exactly relate to. However, there is one thing we have, or rather, had, in common with the peoples of Gallifrey.
During the time of the Pythia, a prophetic and precognitive ruler, the tribes of Gallifrey shared a religion. They believed in three gods: Life, Pain, and Death. Sometimes, these gods would choose certain Time Lords to be their champions, the current ones being the Doctor (champion of Life and Pain), and the Master (champion of Death). This religion was wiped out when Rassilon banished the Pythia to Karn, leading to the formation of the Sisterhood of Karn.
Considering the amount of success these two religions had, it seems pretty clear to me why Gallifrey has a much more scientifically-based culture. But I wonder, was the Doctor’s home planet better off then, living with prophecies and gods, or now, with strict rules, almost believing themselves to be gods?